Eriugena’s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus or Joannes Scottigena. In the manuscripts of the tenth and subsequent centuries the forms. ERIUGENA, JOHANNES SCOTTUS(b. Ireland, early ninth century;d. England [?], c. ), natural philosophy, theology. For the original article on Eriugena see. The crucially important Christian mystic philosopher, translator, theologian and poet, John Scottus Eriugena (Johannes Scottus Eriugena or Scotus Erigena).

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The Neoplatonic Theology of John Scotus Eriugena

This is the erigeja of the bird of high flight Eriugena argues in De divina praedestinatione that God, being perfectly good, wants all humans to be saved, and does not predestine souls to damnation. But difference in number does not mean that God and man stand apart from each other as two identical billiard balls would occupy different places.

This misdirected will is punished by finding that the objects after which it thirsts are in truth vanity and emptiness. But, according to the Church’s reasoning, the greatness of man lies not in his likeness to the created world but in jlhn fact that he is created according to the image of the Creator of nature.

Tradition has it that he finally returned to Britain towards the end of his life to become Abbot of Malmesbury in southern England. Influence Eriugena’s influence on the theological thought of his own and immediately subsequent generations was doubtless checked by the condemnations to which his doctrines of predestination and of the Eucharist were subjected in the Councils of ValenciaLangresand Vercelli Free willlogicmetaphysics.

Press, see also her book, The Unknown God: Eriugena erihena argues that philosophy has four principal parts — division, definition, demonstration, and resolution — and that pursuit of this fourfold method of reasoning will lead to truth. Help us improve this article! Nature includes both God and creation and has four divisions: This is Godthe final Term, or Goal, of all existence. Observe the forms and beauties of sensible things, and comprehend the Word of God in them.


One special difficulty in editing the Periphyseon is that the earliest manuscripts preserve only the first three books whereas the extant manuscripts for Erigens Four and Five date from the twelfth century. If we have recourse to positive predication, we must use the prefix hyper and say God is hypersubstantia, i. God is first, and hence man comes after.

The Neoplatonic Theology of John Scotus Eriugena

Dermot Moran further reports: The Philosophy of John Scottus Eriugena. The Irish philosopher and theologian John Scotus Erigena ca. On the Division of Nature. The dependence of man’s mind on the body and the subjection of the body to the world of sense, as well as the distinction of male and female in the human kind, are all the results of original sin. His theory of place and time as defining structures of the mind anticipates Kant, his dialectical reasoning prefigures Hegel. But no one would know how to rise to scous of virtue and contemplation if he were not first fed by tokens of sensible things Furthermore, the use of the future tense here is somewhat misleading, since time itself is a function of our fallen erigen and the perfected state is timeless so there is a sense in which perfected human nature already is one with God and always has been one with God.

Here is a mind that could grasp the most rarefied distinctions of the Greek philosophical tradition and, far more important, could elaborate a new system of thought, one that is balanced and internally consistent. All things, therefore, scotjs were made by the Word, live in Him unchangeably and are life. Thus, goodness is ultimately determined by whether a species of being participates in the goodness of God.


They consume our sins together, and by theosis—that is, by deification—they convert us as though we were a holocaust [sacred offering on the ancient Israelite altar], into their unity. Even the devils shall be saved. A Survey of PublicationsParis: For him philosophy is not in the service of theology. Indeed there are many places where Eriugena cites texts e.

Eriugena is original in his cosmological speculations, but not as an astronomer. Leonardi, Claudio and E.

The first of the works known to have been written by Eriugena was a treatise on the Eucharist, which unfortunately has not survived. Neither God nor man is in space or time; both are incorporealand hence numerical difference, or difference in subject, can only have the Neoplatonic meaning that the first will always differ from what comes after the first.

John Scotus Erigena |

The assumption is that things graspable by intellect alone belong to a realm above the material, corporeal world and hence are timeless. His intellectual temperament in theological speculation was towards freedom, rather than restraint. All things that are made in Him, in Him are life and are one.

Please try again later. So supremely perfect is the essence of the Divinity that God is incomprehensible not only to us but also to Himself.