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Dama de Warka

Arthur Evans and the Assyriologists. His excavations in Knossos and studies in Greece in the second millennium BCE inevitably brought him closer to this area of interest. From the time the written tablets were discovered at the palace complex at Knossos Evans concentrated on the origins of writing in the Ancient Near East and their possible relationship with the appearance of scripture in Crete. Above all Evans always tried to highlight the fact that the Cretan scripts were completely independent of those from the Near East.

A good example of this can be seen in a conference paper given by Evans at the British Association for the Advancement of Science in September in Liverpool.

At that conference Evans set out an interesting comparison between the Hittite world and prehistoric Greece. According to him, the development of the Hittites was adulterated and warped as a result of direct contact with the Mesopotamian civilisations. However, Greece conserved an indigenous element, reshaping the influences of other peoples to maintain the European spirit of freedom and individuality.

An example of this is the paper he gave in in Ipswich, also for the British Association for the Advancement of Science. See also Evans One of the most outstanding was probably Leonard Woolley, who was made Assistant Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum in At that time Woolley was a young man who, at 25, had barely any knowledge of claudf.

It was David G.

Dama de Warka – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Hogarth7 and Evans himself who introduced him to the discipline, in which he would build a career to become one of the most influential archaeologists of the first half of the 20th century. Jean-Claude Margueron, is to analyse the correspondence that Arthur J. As we shall see, this documentation reveals how Evans turned to Assyriology in order to obtain textual information to help him reconstruct the ethnological and political situation in Crete during the Late Bronze Age.

Was Britain mentioned in an Assyrian text? Sayce10 was undoubtedly the Assyriologist with whom Evans maintained the madgueron relationship jen his life. Apart from their personal friendship this is also explained by the fact that they both lived in Oxford, which made loz easier. Further to the detailed epigraphical information, below the text of a letter sent by Sayce to Evans on 15 August is reproduced. In addition to personal issues, Sayce tells Evans of his interpretative suggestions for the passage of text on KAV 92, a tablet found in Mesopogamicos in The text, which is traditionally known as The Sargon Geography,12 was especially interesting to Evans because, mesopotxmicos other things, it mentioned the island of Crete.

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Among his most outstanding works relating to the Ancient Near East are: Marguero and the East Oxford ; Hittite seals: Among his most outstanding works are: But can you come and lunch with us on Thursday the 18th in our Upper Common Room at 1.

I have a lot to talk over with you for some very interesting facts have turned up in the Assiri things still unpublished now in Berlin;14 e. The identification of the latter with the island of Crete is commonly accepted. He based his idea on the meaning of the word annaku Sumerian AN.

Following a previous suggestion by Emile Forrer, he proposed that it should be located in Spain — another of the great tin producers in ancient times. However, this idea is marguerpn implausible from a historical point of view.

Current thinking is that it was probably a geographical region closer to the Mesopotamian area and was on the local trade routes: Cyprus, Greece or areas of metal deposits in Anatolia.

The printed letterhead reads: The underlined word appears underlined in the original. See Weidner and Horowitzpp. The letter was a reply to a previous missive by Evans telling Knudtzon about the tablets conserved in the Ashmolean Museum, and at the same time asking about a possible mention of a man of Ionian origin in one of the letters.

Biblical interpretation traditionally has considered Javan as the ancient name for the Ionians. However, this rather intriguing possibility was rejected by Knudtzon in an article published in the same year as he wrote marvueron Evans.

It is, as far as I remember, in WA. But there is to be read — I am rather sure — not: The word most likely also occurs in WA. LeipzigBorgerp. The underlined words appear underlined in the original. Der Thontafelfund von El Amarna. Myself I have marrgueron got mine yet. With many thanks Yours very truly J. King,40 explained to Evans about the physical characteristics and information provided by a Neo- Babylonian weight acquired by the British Museum in BM They are as follows: Wheighed twice 1 15, grs.


Yours very truly Leonard W.

File:Mesopotamia Período – Wikimedia Commons

It is unlikely that Evans took a particularly academic interest in the British Museum piece that King told him about. Moreover, the information recorded in BM was not of any special use for his studies about Knossos.

It is more likely that Evans sought information from King about the British Xlaude piece for reasons of cataloguing or the acquisition of pieces for the Ashmolean Museum. It should therefore be borne in mind that infor example, the Ashmolean Museum acquired the piece Ash The Homeric legend of King Minos had for Evans an unquestionable historical foundation as did marguero Homeric geography of the island.

He also accepted that the Minoan or Pre- Hellenic population in Crete corresponded to the Eteocretans, mentioned by Homer as the original inhabitants of the island. However, acceptance of the Homeric epic as a historical source did not prevent him from searching other sources of written or iconographic information to help his research. For example, he paid a good deal of attention to Egyptian sources, such as the mention of the keftiu in texts from the 18th Dynasty, as a possible source relating to Crete in the Late Bronze Age.

The documentation analysed in this article shows that Evans was also particularly interested in cuneiform documentation. His correspondence madgueron Sayce and Knudtzon confirms his interest in certain texts that could offer ethnological and political information about Crete during the Bronze Age. In all, and in spite of his initial expectations, in most of the texts mentioned, information about Crete and pre-Classical Greece was scarce and insignificant where it existed at all, as jena have seen above.

Accordingly, Evans always considered Homer to be the main written source for his study of Minoan and Mycenaean Crete. The paper has a printed letterhead: Scripta Minoa I, Oxford. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, vol. European Societies in the Bronze Age. The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Vol. Studies in the Pentateuch. Die El-Amarna-Tafeln 2 vols. Le lettere di el-Amarna. The Life of Sir Leonard Woolley. Remember me on this computer.

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