The Gesta Hungarorum of the Anonymous Notary of King Béla is the oldest extant The author of the Gesta, known historically as the Anonymus (always thus). The Romanians in the Anonymous Gesta Hungarorum. Truth and Fiction, Centrul de Studii Transilvane (Bibliotheca Rerum Transsilvaniae, XXXIV) Cluj-Napoca. Written between , the Gesta Hungarorum is an ingenious and imaginative historical fiction of prehistory, medieval history and contemporary social.

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Postquam autem ad partes rutenorum peruenerunt, sine aliqua contradicione usque ad ciuitatem Kieu transierunt et dum per ciuitatem Kyeu transissent fluuium deneper transnauigando, uolerunt regnum rutenorum sibi subiugare. This means that the data recorded in GH about the presen- ce of the Romanians uhngarorum Pannonia in the period of the Hungarian conquest is reliable.

Gesta Hungarorum

Post uero zobolsu et thosu hinc egressi usque ad castrum zotmar peruenerunt. Et ipsum geulam uinctum in hungariam duxit, et per omnes dies uite sue carceratum tenuit, eo quod in fide esset uanus, et noluit esse hristianus, et multa contraria faciebat regi stephano quamuis fuisset hungarirum cognatione matris bungarorum.

The Old Russian chronicle confirms thus the tradition about the Romani as masters of Pannonia, and not the tradition about the Blachi. Quod nunc castrum zobolsu nuncupatur.

Fuit enim dux zulta parum blesus, et candidus, capillo molli, et flauo, statura mediocri, dux bellicosus, animo fortis, sed in ciuibus clemens, uoce suaui, sed cupidus imperij. In eastern Yungarorum, four Slavic princes are mentioned in the first third of the 9th centu- ry as Frankish vassals.

Septem principales persone, qui hetumoger uocantur, egressi sunt de terra Scithia uersus occidentem.


Gesta Hungarorum – Wikiwand

However, the Anonymous Notary made some mistakes, among which the most important was the name of the Hungarian conqueror of northern Transylvania. Finally, the location of this residence in the valley and not on the hill could be explained by its function: The content should be researched with great care in order to identify what is real or trustworthy.

Et ipse glad dux eorum fuga lapsus euasit, vesta omnis exercitus eius liquefacti tamquam cera a fecie ignis, in ore gladij consumti sunt.

The next four sections of the Gesta describe the fights of the Hungarians with the Rus’ people and the “Cumans”.

You may also order direct from the Press or from one of gestx local distributors. Nam terram ultra siluanam posteritas tuhutum usque ad tempus sancti regis stephani habuerunt: But this kind of argument was not valid for Transylvania. This population was equipped with weapons spearheads, arrowheads, stone balls gssta the cata- pults.

Sed per tres dies nullomodo hungarij propter inundationem aquarum transitum habuissent, tandem iiii. Quia omnes habitatores timebant eos ultra quam dici potest, eo quod audiuerant almum ducem patrem arpadij a geonere atthile regis descendisse. On the contrary, the place-names Zombor and Gyula prove the pres- ence of those persons from the second generation.

Et ideo dictus est soba secundum grecos id est stultus populus, quia mortuo domino suo uiam non dilexit redire ad patriam suam. The Slavs arrived in Pannonia in the 6th century, especially after the Avarian conquestincreasing the manpower of the Avarian confederacy.

Tunc dux usubunec patri zoloucu pro suo fidelissimo seruicio dedit castrum bezprem cum omnibus appendiciis suis. Et in eodem loco castrum construxit, terram quod nunc in presenti Hymusuduor nuncupatur.

Nam de terra bular uenerunt quidam nobilissimi domini cum magna multitudine hismahelitarum quorum nomina fuerunt: Et statim congregata multitudine ciuium in uertice unius altioris montis castrum fortissimum construxit, cui nominem suum imposuit proprium, ut castrum borsu nuncupatur.


The erection of the fortress can be placed around the hungaroruk of the 10th century. This page was last edited on 31 Marchat Cui dux thocsun dedit terram habitandi in partibus Kemey usque ad tysciam, ubi nunc est portus obad.

When the Roman Empire declined, the Hungarians came from the province of Sycia [Scythia] and from the great kingdom which is beyond the Maeotis marshes, and they fought in the large field that is between Sicambria and Alba Regalis with the above-named ten kings and they defeated them. Tunc usubu et eusee plures milites romanorum in ore gladij consumpserunt, et quosdam ictibus sagittarum interfecerunt. Anonymus also used folk songs and ballads when writing his work.

After that, Pannonia remained for ten years without any king, and only the foreigners, who served Attila as slaves, i. Gesta Hungarorumor The Deeds of the Hungariansis the first extant Hungarian book about history. Written betweenthe Gesta Hungarorum is an ingenious and imaginative historical fiction of prehistory, medieval history and contemporary social history.

Cum Gelou dux eorum hoc vidisset, tunc pro defensione vite cum pau- cis fugam cepit. Scithici enim sunt antiquiores populi, et est potestas scithie in oriente, ut supra diximus.

It seems that the Anony- mous Notary still knew the significance of the title gylas, forgotten by the later chroniclers.