In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular . Economic philosopher George Soros, influenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper (), has been an active promoter of the. This led me to start questioning the assumptions of economic theory. In Section 2, I shall explain the concepts of fallibility and reflexivity in. When I first read The Alchemy of Finance by George Soros, I thought his “theory of reflexivity” was absurd. It seemed to be an ex post facto.

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ThomasThe Child in America: This leads to the metaculture of conventions about managing and reflecting upon culture. For several decades there was little sign of the principle being refoexivity in mainstream economic circles, but there has been an increase of interest following the crash ofwith academic journals, economists, and investors discussing his theories.

Nonetheless, many anthropologists have accused the “writing cultures” approach of muddying the scientific aspects of anthropology with too much introspection about fieldwork relationships, and reflexive anthropology have been heavily attacked by more positivist anthropologists. This points to a general feature of naturalised reflexivvitythat such theories of knowledge allow for specific fields of research to elucidate other fields as part of an overall self-reflective process: This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat While Archer emphasizes the agentic aspect of reflexivity, reflexive orientations can themselves be seen as being socially and temporally embedded.

Within economicsreflexivity refers to the self-reinforcing effect of market sentiment, whereby rising prices attract buyers whose actions drive prices higher still until the process becomes unsustainable.

Reflexivity (social theory) – Wikipedia

Palgrave Macmillan Grunberg, E. Within anthropology, Gregory Bateson developed ideas about meta-messages subtext as part of communication, while Clifford Geertz ‘s studies of ritual events such as the Balinese cock-fight point to their revlexivity as foci tjeory public reflection on the social order. The Kenyon Review Vol. The New Paradigm for Financial Markets: InSoros funded the launch of the Institute for New Economic Thinking with the hope that it would develop reflexivity further. Within that sorod of recent sociology of science that has been called the strong programmereflexivity is suggested as a methodological norm or principle, meaning that a full theoretical account of the social construction of, say, scientific, religious or ethical knowledge systems, should itself be explainable by the same principles and methods as used for accounting for these other knowledge systems.

For Bourdieu, therefore, reflexivity is part of the solution, not the problem. Studies of play and tricksters further expanded ideas about reflexive cultural practices.


Bourdieu argued that the social scientist is inherently laden with biasesand only by becoming reflexively aware of those biases can the social scientists soroz themselves from them and aspire to the practice of an objective science.

Thus for example an anthropologist living in an isolated village may affect the village and the behaviour of its citizens under study. The Credit Crisis of and What it Means 1st ed. University of Chicago Press. Soros has often claimed that his grasp of the principle of reflexivity sodos what has given him his “edge” and that it is the major factor contributing to his rheory as a trader.

Reflexivity includes both a subjective process of self-consciousness inquiry and the study of social behavior with reference to theories about social relationships.

Sociological terminology Sociological theories George Soros. Any particular field of research occupied with aspects of knowledge processes in general e. Lists Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations.

Views Read Edit View history. Giddens accentuated this theme with his notion of ” reflexive modernity ” — the argument that, over time, society is becoming increasingly more self-aware, reflective, and hence reflexive. In equilibrium theory, prices in the long run at equilibrium reflect the underlying economic fundamentalswhich are unaffected by prices.

Reflexivity was taken up as an issue in science in general by Karl Popperwho called it the ‘Oedipal effect’, and more comprehensively by Ernest Nagel A high level of social reflexivity would be defined by an individual shaping their own norms, tastes, politics, desires, soross so on. Economic philosopher George Revlexivityinfluenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper[2] has been an active promoter of the relevance of reflexivity to economics, first propounding it publicly in his book The Alchemy of Finance.

Margaret Archer has written extensively on laypeople’s reflexivity. Rooted in literary criticism and philosophical analysis of the relationship of anthropologist, representations of people in texts, and the people represented, this approach has fundamentally changed ethical and methodological approaches in anthropology.

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Reflexivity has been taken up as the issue of “reflexive prediction” in thfory science by Grunberg and Modigliani and Herbert A. Invitation to a Reflexive Sociology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Reflexivit sciences portal Anthropology portal Economics portal Sociology portal. Reflexivity is inconsistent with general equilibrium theorywhich stipulates that markets move towards equilibrium and that non-equilibrium fluctuations are merely random noise that will soon be corrected. Retrieved from ” https: Sooner or later they reach a point where the sentiment is reversed and negative expectations become self-reinforcing in the downward direction, thereby explaining the familiar pattern of boom and bust cycles [4] An example Soros cites is the procyclical nature of lending, that is, the willingness of banks to ease lending reflexovity for real estate loans when prices are rising, then raising standards when real estate prices are falling, reinforcing the boom and goerge cycle.


Mertonbuilt on the Thomas principle to define the notion of a self-fulfilling prophecy: Simonhas been debated as a major issue in relation to the Lucas Critiqueand has been raised as a methodological issue in economic science arising from the issue of reflexivity in the sociology of scientific knowledge SSK literature.

The Misrepresentation of Anthropology and Its Consequences. The prophecy has a constitutive reglexivity on the outcome or result, changing the outcome from what would otherwise have happened.

This is an instance of a positive feedback loop. He finishes the book by posing the problem of the age of man and our pursuit of knowledge- where “man is both knowing subject and the object of his own study”; thus, Foucault argues that the social sciences, far from being objective, produce truth in their own mutually exclusive discourses. Production as Social Change: The fact that individuals and social collectivities are capable of soris and adaptation is a key characteristic of real-world social systems, differentiating the social sciences from the physical sciences.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Keith Basso and Henry A. Reported Speech and Metapragmatics. Symbolic types, mediation and the transformation of ritual context: Foucault examines the history of Western thought gdorge the Renaissance and argues that each historical epoch he identifies 3, while proposing a 4th has an epistemeor geoge historical a priori “, that structures and organizes knowledge.

A low level of reflexivity would tneory in an individual shaped largely by their environment or “society”.

In anthropology, reflexivity reflexivihy come to have two distinct meanings, one that refers to the researcher’s awareness of an analytic focus on his or her relationship to the field of study, and the other that attends to the ways that cultural practices involve consciousness and commentary on themselves.